- Comprising what is now Kayah (Karenni) State, they were five principalities under the authority of Karenni (Kayah) rulers who entered into a "subordinate alliance with the British government" outside of the sovereignty of British India in 1875. This arrangement, which recognized the states as essentially independent, was reluctantly recognized by the government of King Mindon. They were administered as part of the Southern Shan States with an administrative headquarters at Loikaw. The Karenni States were Bawlake, Kyebogyi, Kantharawaddy, Nawngpalai, and Nammekon.
Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). Donald M. Seekins . 2014.
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